Dental Extractions and Wisdom Teeth

The average adult has 32 teeth by age eighteen, however the average mouth is large enough for only 28 teeth. Each tooth in the mouth has a specific name and function. The teeth in the front of the mouth (incisors, canine and bicuspid teeth) are ideal for grasping and biting food into smaller pieces. The back teeth, or molar teeth, are used to grind food up into a consistency suitable for swallowing.

The last four teeth to emerge are the Third Molars, also known as "wisdom teeth." When they emerge it can be quite painful.

Why Should I Remove My Wisdom Teeth?
Wisdom teeth are the last teeth to emerge within the mouth. When they align properly and gum tissue is healthy, wisdom teeth do not need to be removed. Unfortunately this does not generally happen. They may grow sideways, partially emerge from the gum, or even remain trapped beneath the gum and bone (impaction). Impacted teeth can take many positions in the bone as they attempt to find a way to emerge successfully.

Poorly positioned, impacted teeth can cause many problems. When they have partially emerged, the opening around the tooth allows bacteria to grow, and eventually causes infection. Infection may cause swelling, stiffness, pain and, other complications. The pressure from emerging wisdom teeth may move other teeth and disrupt their alignment. The most serious problems occur when tumors or cysts form around impacted wisdom teeth, resulting in the destruction of the jawbone and healthy teeth. Removal of any impacted teeth usually resolves these problems. Early removal is always recommended to avoid future problems, and to decrease the surgical risk involved with the procedure.

Oral Examination
With an oral examination and x-ray imaging, Dr.Roan can evaluate the position of wisdom teeth and predict any future problems; he also addresses any current problems with wisdom teeth. Studies have shown that early evaluation and treatment results in a superior outcome. Patients are generally first evaluated in the mid-teenage years by their dentist, orthodontist or by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon.

All outpatient surgery is performed under appropriate anesthesia to maximize patient comfort. Dr. Roan has the training, license and experience to provide various types of anesthesia to allow patients to select the best alternative. These services are provided in an environment of optimum safety, utilizing modern monitoring equipment and staff experienced in anesthesia techniques.

Other Dental Extractions
Dental extractions of other teeth may become necessary for a variety of reasons including orthodontics, crowding, decay and disease.