The inside of the mouth is normally lined with a special type of skin (mucosa) that is smooth and coral pink in color. Any change in the appearance of this skin could be a warning sign for a pathological process. The most serious of these is oral cancer. The following signs sometimes present at the beginning of a pathologic process:
- Reddish patches (erythroplasia) or whitish patches (leukoplakia) in the mouth
- A sore that fails to heal and bleeds easily
- A lump or thickening on the skin lining the inside of the mouth
- Chronic sore throat or hoarseness
- Difficulty in chewing or swallowing
These changes can show on the lips, cheeks, palate, and gum
tissue around the teeth, tongue, face, and/or neck. Pain does not
always occur with pathology and, curiously, is not often associated
with oral cancer. However any patient with facial and/or oral pain,
without an obvious cause or reason, may also be at risk for oral
Do not ignore suspicious lumps or sores, please contact us so we may help.
In addition to Cancer, other oral pathology problems can arise in the bones of the jaw. These are usually cystic and associated with impacted teeth. They may expand and affect the other teeth in the jaw. If left untreated, this may require removal of teeth and bone and reconstructive jaw surgery.
Other conditions can be diagnosed by Dr Roan.